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The Omega Directive (episode) | Memory Alpha | Fandom powered by Wikia omega watches wiki

The Omega Directive (episode) 42,658 pages on this wiki Add New Page edit this page Edit source History Discuss 35 Share Real World article (written from a Production point of view ) "The Omega Directive" VOY , Episode 4x21 Production number: 189 First aired: 15 April 1998 ←  88th of 168 produced in VOY  → ←  88th of 168 released in VOY  kzruimot. omega deville ladies quartz vintage ←  514th of 729 released in all  → Teleplay By Lisa Klink Story By Jimmy Diggs & Steve J. Kay Directed By Victor Lobl 51781.2 ↓ ( 2374 ) For for the directive itself, please see Omega Directive .

Captain Janeway must carry out a top secret Starfleet directive regarding the most powerful substance known to exist.

Contents [ show ] Summary Edit Teaser Edit

Aboard USS Voyager , Seven of Nine wakes up from her regeneration cycle and heads for the mess hall to meet Ensign Harry Kim . They have a scheduled maintenance inspection of the aft sensor array. She finds Kim playing kal-toh with Tuvok . Kim asks her to wait a few minutes, convinced he is about to defeat the Vulcan . Seven does not appreciate this waste of time and tells Kim that games can wait until after their work is completed. She takes the piece he is about to place and does it for him, finishing the game and defeating Tuvok in one move. He tells Tuvok he would have made that move, and then follows her as she leaves. As they walk along a corridor, he exasperatedly asks her if there is anything she does not know how to do. Suddenly the ship is shaken.

The Omega symbol displayed by the locked computer system

On the bridge , a confused Tom Paris reports to Commander Chakotay that the ship hit some sort of shock wave and the warp drive suddenly went offline. He begins to scan for the source of the wave but the conn displays, along with all the others, go blank and then show the Greek letter "omega". All controls become locked, including the command console between the first officer 's and captain 's seats. Not even Chakotay's command codes can unlock any of them. He is about to hail Kim to have him try to figure out what is happening when Captain Kathryn Janeway steps out from the turbolift and crisply orders him not to do anything. She goes to a console and enters a command code known only by her. This unlocks the consoles but they remain blank. She orders Paris to hold all-stop and disengage the impulse engines. Warning all the officers not to discuss any of this with the rest of the crew, she disappears into her ready room .

Act One Edit A grim Janeway listens to the computer's Omega detection alert

The moment she enters her ready room, Janeway has the computer lock the doors. She sits at her desktop monitor and gives the computer a series of very high level security clearances . The computer accepts them and reports to her that sensors have detected the " Omega phenomenon " 1.2 light years away from the ship. The computer tells her that she is to immediately implement the " Omega Directive " and all other directives and priorities are null and void, including the Prime Directive . She has the computer show her the sensor data.

In engineering , Chakotay gives instructions from Janeway to Paris, Seven of Nine, and B'Elanna Torres . He stresses that these instructions and the mission they are for, are highly classified: need-to-know only. He gives Torres Janeway's instructions for her – install multiphasic shielding around the warp core by 1100 hours. Torres doubts this is possible but Chakotay tells her the captain wants it done at any cost. Seven of Nine, knowing that this type of shielding protects against subspace radiation , asks Chakotay why the captain wants to do this with the reactor. He responds that he does not know.

Torres and Paris comment on rumors they have been hearing that the captain has been locked in her ready room for the past 16 hours and of something called the "Omega Directive". This instantly gets Seven's full attention. Chakotay sharply warns against any such talk. He admits to being mystified himself but stresses the captain's adamance about discouragement of any rumors or talk about what is happening. Before he dismisses them, he informs Seven that the Captain wants to see her. She replies that she is not surprised.

Janeway and Seven discuss the detection of Omega

Seven enters the captain's ready room. As soon as the doors close behind her, Janeway immediately gets to the reason she asked for her. " How much do you know about Omega? " she asks. Seven responds that it is most likely everything Janeway knows. Janeway is not surprised. The Borg have assimilated Starfleet captains thus Seven, as a former drone, would possess all of their knowledge. Seven confirms this and asks her if she intends to carry out the "Omega Directive". Janeway responds that she indeed does. The directive forbids her from speaking about it or what it concerns to any member of her crew. But, since Seven already knows about it, she intends to either have her help her, or confine her to her quarters. Seven stoutly responds that she then should do the latter because she will not help her destroy Omega. She tells Janeway that it should be harnessed instead.

Seven explains that, while she was a drone, the Borg Collective had managed to stabilize a single Omega molecule for one-trillionth of a nanosecond before it destabilized. The experiment allowed them to refine their theories about how to permanently stabilize it. Janeway however, is unimpressed, and gets her to admit the cost of that experiment: 29 vessels and 600,000 drones. Janeway uses this to emphasize her point that the substance is simply too dangerous and experimenting with it could risk the whole quadrant . Whoever is working with it must be stopped and she is going to do it, both to satisfy the directive, as the only Starfleet captain in the quadrant, and out of a very healthy fear of what could happen if these experiments go wrong. Seven confides in Janeway that as a drone, her highest goal, besides "perfection", was to see this molecule first-hand. Helping Janeway's implementation of the Omega Directive would allow her to do this. She changes her decision, much to Janeway's surprise and agrees to help her. Janeway orders her to assemble all the data she has on the molecule and to present to her in a report within the hour. Seven acknowledges and leaves.

Act Two Edit " The arithrazine , Doctor. "

In sickbay , The Doctor stares incredulously at Janeway in response to an order she has given him to provide her with arithrazine , used for the most severe cases of radiation poisoning . She tells him it is for an away mission and says no more. He asks her if she intends to " stroll through a supernova ," insisting that a physician has to be present to supervise its use. If not, then he cannot obey, as that would violate Starfleet medical protocols . Janeway curtly responds that she is overriding those protocols. He rolls his eyes. " Don't tell me: the "Omega Directive" . " he responds exaggeratedly. " Whatever that might be. "

" The arithrazine , doctor," she orders. He responds that it will be ready the next morning. As she leaves, he urges her to be careful. She smiles and says she will.

In Cargo Bay 2, Janeway receives Seven's report. She has analyzed the shock wave . It indicates that not just one, but hundreds of Omega molecules destabilized within a radius of ten light years from their current position. Janeway is stunned. This was far larger and more dangerous of a threat than she previously thought. Seven tells her that it requires the resources of the entire crew, not just the two of them, to comply with the Omega Directive. Janeway orders her to transfer the data to astrometrics where she will work on it.

Tuvok and Kim are modifying one of the ship's photon torpedoes , as per Janeway's orders, increasing its explosive yield. Kim comments the level they are raising it to, fifty isotons , is enough to destroy a small planet . Kim begins to speculate aloud on what is happening but Janeway enters, hears him and rebukes him. She modifies her previous order telling them they are to increase the yield to eighty isotons and that Kim is to help Torres reinforce the hull of the shuttlecraft . Kim is now totally unable to keep himself from speculating. After Janeway leaves, he relates to Tuvok the various theories circulating among the crew, such as one that says Species 8472 has opened a singularity from fluidic space to mount another invasion of the galaxy after they were driven back before and the torpedo is to close it. Another states Janeway has discovered a type-6 protostar and plans to detonate it to open a wormhole back to the Alpha Quadrant . She does not want to get anyone's hopes up, hence the secrecy. Tuvok tries to ignore him but finally admits that he too is curious. He tells Kim that they have no time for speculation and so Kim stops and focuses on the work.

"Please...let us help you!"

Janeway is in the astrometrics lab, studying Seven's data with the doors locked. The chime sounds and she bids the person to enter. It is Chakotay. He reports that everything is proceeding according to schedule. She acknowledges his report. Then she looks him in the eye and, in a deadly-serious tone, gives him the following instructions: she and Seven are departing in a shuttlecraft at 0600 the next day. If they are successful in what they are planning to do, they will return in a few days. If not, the long-range sensors will detect a large subspace explosion; he is to immediately have the ship go to maximum warp and leave the area at once. Chakotay does not like this. He presses her to tell him what this is about. She responds that she cannot, and tries to end it by telling him he has his orders. But he refuses to let it drop. He pleads with her that while Voyager is alone with no Starfleet contact she is not. The entire crew is behind her and willing to help her face any threat they encounter. He urges her to let them help, suggesting that classified information could be kept only among the senior staff . He pleads with her to not go about this by herself. Janeway finally relents and orders him to assemble the senior staff .

Janeway briefs her staff about Omega .

In the briefing room , Janeway briefs the senior staff about Omega and the Omega Directive but not before making clear that the meeting is classified and nothing they're about to hear is to be discussed with anyone else. If they were in the Alpha Quadrant then Starfleet Command would be sending in a specialized team to complete the mission. She explains that Omega is a molecule and the most powerful substance known. A single Omega molecule has the same amount of power as a warp core. It was first synthesized by a Federation scientist named Ketteract in the late 23rd century . Upon creation the molecule exploded, destroying the entire facility. The explosion tore up subspace in the Lantaru sector over a radius of several light years. In the affected area it is impossible to attain warp speed, as warp drive cannot work without subspace from which to create a warp field . Paris comments that flight controllers like himself are told that the reason for this was due to a natural phenomenon.

Starfleet Command recognized the implications: an explosion of a large enough number of these molecules would annihilate subspace throughout the Federation, or even the entire Alpha Quadrant . If that happened, warp speed anywhere in the quadrant would become impossible and subspace communication would no longer work. This would mean the obliteration of every interstellar civilization in the quadrant. Every single planet in the quadrant would be permanently isolated, cut off from all others. Those civilizations that did not yet have warp drive would never discover it.

Due to these implications, Starfleet Command classified all information about the experiment and the molecules as a military secret of the highest order and only officers with the rank of captain and above would be privy to it. Calling the molecule "Omega", for the ultimate threat to space-faring civilization it represented, it issued the Omega Directive, a top-secret order instructing that, if so much as one Omega molecule is encountered, it was to be destroyed at any cost, including ignoring any and all other orders and instructions, such as the Prime Directive .

Janeway finishes the briefing with a warning that none of them, after hearing what she has just said, need to hear. If whoever is experimenting with Omega here causes a large-scale explosion then they, caught in the midst of the subspace destruction, will never be able to attain warp speed again. All hope of ever returning home would be forever lost. They now fully understand the secrecy and urgency and are in full agreement with her, this person must be stopped fast.

Act Three Edit

Voyager approaches the system where the Omega explosion originated. In Cargo Bay 2, Janeway finds Seven working on a resonance chamber that will dissolve the inter-atomic bonds of the Omega molecules, destroying them. Janeway starts to help her but then Chakotay hails her from the bridge and informs her they are entering the system. She acknowledges and heads for the bridge.

On her arrival, Paris informs her that the area's subspace has been destroyed. Tuvok and Kim trace the source of the explosion to a small M-class moon , with a pre-warp civilization on it. Janeway orders an on-screen view. A planetoid appears, with a massive blue cloud over one part of it. Tuvok reports subnucleonic radiation in the upper atmosphere , coming from a structure on the surface. Janeway orders an on-screen view of the structure.

The visible results of an Omega explosion

The image shows the same kind of devastation that occurred at the Starfleet facility that had synthesized Omega. Kim reports the devastation is over 300,000 square km . Janeway orders a scan for Omega molecules. Tuvok finds none but reports that some areas of the facility are intact and shielded. Janeway inquires about the use of the transporters . Kim affirms that they can work through the subnucleonic cloud but warns about the high levels of radiation. Janeway orders Tuvok to assemble an away team , inoculated with arithrazine by The Doctor. She tells Tuvok that she will be joining the away team. She orders Paris to put the ship into high orbit and then come with her and the away team as a field medic . She then gives Chakotay the bridge and heads for the turbolift.

The team beams into one of the facility's intact areas and finds it in ruins. They find the dead bodies of many aliens but others are alive, though badly injured. Crewmen rush to their aid, as Tuvok informs Janeway he is picking up Omega's resonant frequency but cannot locate it. Janeway approaches a wounded alien and asks him what happened to the substance they were trying to create. He tells her that there was an accident which caused a loss of containment and a resulting explosion. She asks him if any of the substance survived. He points to a large, sealed enclosure called the primary test chamber. She orders him beamed up to the ship for treatment and goes to the chamber. Tuvok reports that the material it is composed of, duritanium , has fused to the door. Janeway orders the use of phasers to cut through it. Tuvok feels that it is his duty to remind her that what they are about to do is a clear breach of the Prime Directive. She matter-of-factly responds that, for the duration of the mission, the Prime Directive is rescinded.

In Cargo Bay 2, Seven of Nine has organized ten crew members to help her complete the resonance chamber. She has even gone so far as to give them Borg designations, assigning each to a specific task to increase efficiency. Kim greatly resents being referred to in this manner and complains to Chakotay. He gets no sympathy from the commander and instead is told to adapt. Seven has told him the chamber will be ready within the hour.

Allos, the chief scientist of the aliens experimenting with Omega

Seven enters sickbay and finds The Doctor treating the injured aliens from the facility. She tells him she needs to speak with the senior researcher, who is the one whom Janeway had spoken to. His name is Allos . The Doctor points him out but insists that he is in no condition to speak to her. The Doctor attempts to prevent her from going to his bio-bed but she stares him down until he relents. When Seven approaches Allos she asks him if he is up to answering questions, which he says that he is. Seven learns from him that they were able to synthesize two hundred million omega molecules, using the molecules' own resonance frequencies. Synthesizing them was one thing but stabilizing them was quite another. Seven theorizes however, that she may be able to adapt their technique to do just that. Thinking that she intends to save the molecules, he suggests transferring the remaining ones to the ship. He is bitterly disappointed and angry when Seven flatly tells him her orders are to destroy them. He accuses them of being small-minded, destroying what they do not understand. Rescue ships, he threatens, are on their way and will stop them. He gets so agitated that The Doctor immediately steps in and insists that Seven leave. " You don't know what you are doing! You don't know what this means... !" Allos shouts behind her. Seven quietly responds that she understands perfectly.

Behold, Omega...

In the remains of the facility, Captain Janeway and Tuvok reach the inner chamber containing the molecules. They approach an observation imager and are bathed in piercing, aquamarine light from it. They stare into it, at Omega. Janeway tensely notes that there is enough here to destroy the subspace in half the Delta Quadrant . Tuvok suggests returning to Voyager and targeting the facility with a gravimetric charge. Janeway responds that that will not be enough, they will have to use Seven of Nine's resonance chamber. She orders him to prepare to beam the molecules up to Voyager . He suggests that it is a pity they cannot study it more thoroughly before destroying it. But Janeway is not interested: some boundaries, she insists, should not be crossed and this, with its potential to destroy all space-faring civilization, is one.

Seven's device is completed and stands ready in the cargo bay. Chakotay comes to relay Janeway's orders to her: Omega will be beamed directly into it and she will begin destroying the molecules. However, in a voice that is, for her, quite excited, she begins to tell him that they do not need to destroy them. By using the information she got from Allos, she believes she can stabilize them. Chakotay, annoyed, tersely cuts her off in mid-sentence. " Those weren't your orders, " he says. " The captain wants Omega eliminated. "

"Allow me to proceed. Please."

Upset, Seven responds that she has never, in nine months of service aboard Voyager , asked a single favor. She is asking now. She pleads with Chakotay to allow her to proceed with the stabilization. Chakotay, never having seen her this passionate about anything, is curious to know why this means so much to her. She explains that, as a drone, she was instructed to assimilate Omega, which they call Particle 010 , at all costs. It is, they believe, perfection embodied. The molecules exist in a flawless state with infinite parts functioning as one. She has never seen it but, though she is no longer Borg, she needs to understand that perfection and feels that she will never be complete without it. She compares it to Chakotay's own spirituality. She asks him if he had the chance to see his Great Spirit, what would he do? He responds that he would pursue it with all his heart. He tells Seven that he understands her emotions and promises to inform Janeway of her idea. But for now, he stresses, her orders stand. She thanks him, truly grateful.

In the facility, Janeway is overseeing final preparations to transfer the molecules to Voyager , when Chakotay hails her: two ships have been detected and are closing fast. It is time for them to leave. Janeway orders the molecules and away team be beamed aboard at once. Chakotay relays the order to Seven but the response is that that they need to get closer for a better transporter lock. She tells him the subnucleonic interference in the atmosphere will not affect the transporter signal enough to hinder the transport of the away team but the molecules may explode. She recommends getting 5,000 kilometers from the surface. This is dangerous however, as they will have to go in without shields , which would cause them to burn up but they have no choice. On Chakotay's order, Paris starts the descent.

Voyager starts descending into the moon's atmosphere. Kim locks the transporter onto the away team and Omega molecules. As they descend, the atmospheric friction on the hull starts to damage it, until, at 9,000 kilometers, Kim reports that the ship is beginning to break up. Janeway says they are close enough and orders Kim to commence the transport. It succeeds as the away team is safely brought aboard and Seven reports the molecules are in the chamber. Paris immediately pulls the ship back up and they retreat from the moon at maximum impulse.

Act Four Edit

Janeway is back on the bridge. Chakotay reports that they are approaching the limits of the subspace destruction, beyond which is an uninhabited region where they should be able to destroy Omega without condemning any world's population to never discovering warp drive or bathing them with deadly theta radiation should something go wrong. The ships behind them however, will reach them before they are clear of the subspace destruction. Janeway is confident that they will not fire, since Voyager has their Omega. Chakotay raises the issue of Seven's request. He informs Janeway about her idea on how to stabilize the molecules, as he promised he would. But she is unmoved and heads for the turbolift to speak with Seven.

" I don't care if you can make it sing and dance; we're getting rid of it. "

Janeway enters Cargo Bay 2, where Seven reports to her that 11% of the molecules have been neutralized. She then asks if Chakotay spoke to her about her idea. Janeway replies that he has and Seven expectantly asks if she can proceed. Janeway tells her that she cannot and Seven is stunned. She insists that the Omega Directive is no longer relevant because she has found a way to control the molecules. " I don't care if you can make it sing and dance; we're getting rid of it," Janeway responds. Angry, Seven retorts that she chose to follow her command structure instead of just going ahead on her own. " I should have made the attempt, " she bitterly says. " I still can, " she finishes challengingly. Janeway does respond to her challenge. She tells Seven that she is not trying to stop her from finding perfection but the safety of the quadrant is at stake. Her idea is sound but, as sure as she is that it will work, she has no guarantee that it will. If it does not, it would be the end of them and the quadrant will be doomed. Seven gazes at her intently, then relents knowing Janeway is right. She goes to monitor the molecules at the chamber's imager, while Janeway replaces her at the controls.

But even then, it is evident that it will take hours to destroy all of the molecules. Janeway has no intention of waiting that long, especially with hostile forces coming to engage them. She turns the resonance frequency up to maximum, which would destroy up to half of the molecules almost immediately. A gravimetric charge on the ejected chamber will take care of the rest. She orders Tuvok to ready the charge and orders Chakotay to prepare to decompress the cargo bay.

On the bridge, the aliens hail Voyager and angrily demand the return of the molecules. Chakotay refuses and they begin opening fire. In the cargo bay, 72% of the molecules have been destroyed. Janeway decides that that is close enough and orders Chakotay to begin the decompression sequence.

Seven sees "perfection"...

But, as the computer begins counting down until the outer doors open, the controls start beeping. Janeway demands to know what is happening but Seven is gazing into the imager in shock.

She tells the captain the molecules are self-stabilizing.

Janeway sharply orders Seven to follow her out of the bay before the inner doors seal shut but Seven does not hear her. She does not hear the computer counting down nor does she hear anything. All her attention is focused on the imager, as she watches the molecules' component atoms swirl around each until they form a perfect, complex, molecular lattice structure.

Janeway, after several seconds of calling her without a response, takes her by the arm away from the imager. They dash out of the cargo bay ten seconds before the doors seal shut. The outer doors open and the chamber is blown out into space .

On the bridge, Chakotay tensely asks if they are clear of the subspace ruptures . Almost, Paris responds. Chakotay orders him to engage warp drive ten seconds after the molecules are detonated or they will be caught in the ensuing subspace destruction. Tuvok reports that the resonance chamber has been jettisoned. Chakotay orders him to fire. He launches the torpedo at the chamber just as the ship clears the subspace ruptures. The torpedo strikes the chamber and a massive explosion ensues. As the shock wave spreads out toward them, shredding the subspace in its wake, Chakotay orders Paris to engage warp. Voyager surges forward, away from the damage, leaving the two alien ships behind.

Epilogue Edit

It is late and Captain Janeway discovers that someone is running her Leonardo da Vinci holodeck simulation. Curious, she enters and finds Seven of Nine in Da Vinci's simulated workshop, looking up at a crucifix on the wall. The room is dark, the only light coming from the fireplace and candles. Janeway asks Seven why she is there. She explains that she is studying the religious elements in the room to try to understand her reaction to what she saw in the resonance chamber's imager.

Seven talks about her experience

" When Omega stabilized, " she elaborates softly, " I felt a curious sensation: as I was watching it, it seemed to be watching me . "

They sit together by the fireplace. Seven explains that the Borg have assimilated many species with religious explanations for such moments. After her de-assimilation, once she could choose to retain what information she thought important instead of what the collective dispensed to her, she had always dismissed such things as irrelevant. Perhaps, she admits, she was wrong.

Janeway smiles and tell her this is a major experience. " If I hadn't known you better, " she tells her, " I'd say you just had your first spiritual experience. "

Log entries Edit " Daily log, Seven of Nine, stardate 51781.2. Today, Ensign Kim and I will conduct a comprehensive diagnostic of the aft sensor array. I have allocated three hours, twenty minutes for the task and an additional seventeen minutes for Ensign Kim's usual conversational digressions. I am scheduled to take a nutritional supplement at fifteen hundred hours, engage in one hour of cardiovascular activity, then I intend to review a text The Doctor recommended, entitled, "A Christmas Carol." He believes it will have educational value. End log. " ↑ In the installment's aired version, Seven of Nine gives the stardate as 15781.2. According to the shooting script, the intended stardate was actually 51781.2. [1] " Captain's log, supplemental. Encrypt log entry. We're approaching the star system where we believe we'll find Omega.
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omega ladymatic seamaster Omega Speedmaster Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera. (Reindirizzamento da Omega speedmaster ) Vai a: navigazione , ricerca Questa voce o sezione sull'argomento tecnologia non cita le fonti necessarie o quelle presenti sono insufficienti. Puoi migliorare questa voce aggiungendo citazioni da fonti attendibili secondo le linee guida sull'uso delle fonti . Segui i suggerimenti del progetto di riferimento . Omega Speedmaster Professional cal. 1861 Ref.3570.50.00

Omega Speedmaster Professional è un orologio sportivo da polso a carica manuale. Prodotto a partire dal 1957 dalla maison svizzera Omega , è divenuto famoso per essere stato l'unico orologio da polso a superare i severi test effettuati dalla NASA , che necessitava di fornire agli astronauti del programma spaziale Apollo un cronografo affidabile. Così L'Omega Speedmaster cal.321 ref.145.012 indossato da Buzz Aldrin ( Neil Armstrong lasciò il suo segnatempo a bordo del modulo di allunaggio a seguito della rottura del cronometro di bordo) divenne il primo orologio ad essere sbarcato sulla luna.

Indice 1 La Storia 2 Speedmaster e le missioni spaziali 3 Programma Gemini e i famosi "test" 4 Risultati dei test 5 Apollo 11: First watch worn on the moon 6 Lo Speedmaster salva l'equipaggio dell'Apollo 13 7 Altri progetti

La Storia [ modifica | modifica wikitesto ]

La storia dello Omega Speedmaster inizia nel 1943 quando Omega lancia il movimento "27 CHRO C12" dove CHRO sta per Cronografo, 27 il diametro in millimetri, e C12 per il contatore delle 12 ore. Il movimento è disegnato da Albert Piguet. Dal 1946 è disponibile con un sistema antiurto ed un bilanciere amagnetico. Il movimento viene battezzato "321", ed è montato in diversi tipi di cassa. La cassa dello Speedmaster viene disegnata negli anni cinquanta da Claude Baillod, con inizio della commercializzazione nel 1957.

Speedmaster e le missioni spaziali [ modifica | modifica wikitesto ] Omega Speedmaster variante fondo a vista in zaffiro

Lo Speedmaster è stato testato per la prima volta nello spazio da Walter Schirra (Sigma 7 ottobre 1962). Non fu una scelta ufficiale della NASA, ma una personale di Schirra (CK2998 il secondo modello di Speedmaster).

L'orologio funzionò perfettamente e fu utilizzato come backup per l'orologio di bordo. Apparecchi di rilevamento a bordo della capsula Mercury interne al veicolo spaziale e orologi da polso non erano stati sottoposti a test specifici.

Nell'ultima missione Mercury, Gordon Cooper indossava i cronografi Omega e un Bulova Accutron Astronaut insieme, al fine di confrontare l'accuratezza del movimento manuale Omega e, l'innovativo, per quegli anni, Bulova elettronico. L'Omega è stato utilizzato per la sequenza di accensione dei razzi posteriori durante la fase di rientro.

Con i programmi Gemini e Apollo, gli astronauti avrebbero avuto bisogno anche di strumenti di cronometraggio da polso per aiutarli con le attività di EVA ( Extra veicular activity ), come passeggiate spaziali, esposizioni fotografiche sincronizzazione delle celle a combustibile. Tale strumento dovrebbe essere in grado di operare nel vuoto dello spazio dove vi sono violente variazioni di temperatura e pressione.

Programma Gemini e i famosi "test" [ modifica | modifica wikitesto ]

Nel 1962, la NASA decide di equipaggiare gli astronauti del suo programma futuro Gemini con un cronografo da polso estremamente accurato, leggibile, resistente e affidabile.

Donald K. Slayton, capo delle operazioni di equipaggio in volo, selezionò una serie di cronografi.

Ai fini del test di confronto, la NASA ha acquistato cronografi di marchi diversi da Corrigan, un grande rivenditore di Houston, in Texas: gli orologi acquistati furono i seguenti: Elgin, Benrus, Hamilton, Mido, Piccard, Omega, Bulova, Rolex, Longines e Gruen. Di questi, solo 3 sono stati selezionati per le prove di valutazione comparativa:

Longines, Omega e Rolex (movimento Omega: Omega 321, movimento Rolex: Valjoux 72, movimento Longines: Longines 13 ZN)

I test studiati dalla NASA consistevano in una serie di prove molto dure a cui ogni orologio doveva essere sottoposto per aver il riconoscimento flight qualified by nasa for all manned space mission .

Risultati dei test [ modifica | modifica wikitesto ]

Omega Speedmaster: acquisiti 21 minuti nel corso della prova di decompressione e persi 15 minuti durante la prova di accelerazione, la luminescenza del quadrante è stata persa durante il test.

Rolex Daytona : smesso di funzionare in due occasioni durante la prova di umidità relativa e durante la prova ad alta pressione.

Wittnauer Longines: cristallo deformato nel corso della prova ad alta pressione, stesso guasto si è verificato durante la prova di decompressione.

Conclusione finale: L'Omega Speedmaster supera i test ed equipaggerà quindi gli astronauti delle missioni Gemini e Apollo .

Apollo 11: First watch worn on the moon [ modifica | modifica wikitesto ]

Il momento più memorabile della storia dello Speedmaster: il 20 luglio 1969 alle 02:56 GMT quando, dopo Neil Armstrong (che aveva lasciato il suo Speedmaster a bordo della navicella a seguito della rottura del cronografo di bordo) Buzz Aldrin sbarca sulla Luna, portando con sé l' Omega Speedmaster in dotazione. La missione Apollo 11 rappresenta una svolta storica, e lo Speedmaster diventa il primo orologio ad essere andato sulla Luna. Questa impresa memorabile gli vale un soprannome altrettanto memorabile: Moonwatch, l'orologio della Luna.

Lo Speedmaster salva l'equipaggio dell'Apollo 13 [ modifica | modifica wikitesto ]

L'11 aprile 1970 partì la missione NASA denominata Apollo 13, la quale avrebbe dovuto portare, per la terza volta nella storia, l'uomo sulla Luna. Divenne celebre a causa di un guasto tecnico che rese impossibile l'allunaggio e molto difficoltoso il rientro sulla terra dei tre membri dell'equipaggio. Si rese necessaria una correzione di traiettoria della navicella da effettuarsi mediante l'accensione del motore del modulo lunare per un determinato numero di secondi e senza l'ausilio delle attrezzature di bordo, le quali furono tenute spente a causa della penuria di energia conseguente al guasto tecnico riportato. Un errore nella misurazione del tempo di accensione del motore avrebbe provocato un'eccessiva accelerazione della navicella ed una deriva della stessa verso una rotta non corretta, ed i tre astronauti non sarebbero potuti rientrare sulla terra. La misurazione del tempo di accensione fu eseguita, dunque, utilizzando lo Speedmaster in dotazione ad uno dei tre membri dell'equipaggio, e l'operazione riuscì perfettamente. Quest'impresa fece guadagnare all'Omega lo "Snoopy Award", la massima onorificenza assegnata dagli astronauti della NASA. Nel 2003, l'Omega decide di lanciare una speciale versione celebrativa dello Speedmaster denominata "Eyes on the stars", e caratterizzata dell'emblema dello Snoopy Award riportato sul fondello e sul quadrante dei secondi. Lo Speedmaster "Eyes on the stars", meglio noto come Snoopy, è una delle versioni più ricercate dai collezionisti di tutto il mondo ed è stato prodotto in 5441 esemplari a ricordo della durata della missione (142 ore, 54 minuti e 41 secondi), era equipaggiato con il classico calibro 1861 a carica manuale, presentava il vetro in Esalite e veniva fornito con una scatola celebrativa realizzata nello stesso tessuto delle tute degli astronauti. Al suo interno, anche una copia dell'onorificenza assegnata all'Omega. A Baselworld 2015 è stata riproposta successiva versione dello Snoopy Awards, in edizione ben più limitata, soli 1970 pezzi nel mondo. Solita cassa di 42 mm e solito movimento manuale cal 1861 . Tuttavia tantissime le modifiche estetiche caratterizzano il Silver Snoopy 2015, a partire dalla inversione dei colori rispetto al modello originale. Infatti il quadrante è bianco e gli indici e lancette sono in nero laccato, dotati di forte effetto di luminescenza al buio. Sul quadrante due scritte e un piccolo Snoopy disteso nel quadratino crono alle ore 9. La prima scritta dice " Failure is not an option" ed è al centro del quadrante incastonata nella nuvola di pensiero dello Snoopy disteso, mentre l'altra : " What could you do in 14 seconds" è riportata lungo la linea curva serigrafata dei secondi che circonda il quadrante ed occupa appunto lo spazio dei prima 14 secondi. Ovvio il riferimento all'aver dovuto gli astronauti dellApollo 13 raddrizzare in esatti 14 secondi la direzione del modulo lunare, ormai senza controllo, facendo affidamento solo sul loro Omega Moonwatch in dotazione, un errore di calcolo non avrebbe più consentito di far rotta sulla terra. Il fondello di questo modello è impreziosito da una medaglia in argento con l'effige di Snoopy, realizzata a mano pezzo per pezzo, ognuno dunque diverso dall'altro, sottoposto ad uno strato lucido di protezione. Il cinturino è in cordura impunturata bianca con buckle deployante logata. Luminiscenza molto particolare ed evidente non solo nel quadrante ma anche sulla lunetta tachimetrica, in ceramica su questa edizione limitata. Il vetro è in zaffiro e non in Esalite come nel primo Snoopy Awards.

Altri progetti [ modifica | modifica wikitesto ] Altri progetti

Wikimedia Commons Wikimedia Commons contiene immagini o altri file su Omega speedmaster Portale Aziende : accedi alle voci di Wikipedia che trattano di aziende Estratto da " https://it./w/index.php?title=Omega_Speedmaster&oldid=86942285 " Categoria : Orologi Categorie nascoste: Senza fonti - tecnologia Senza fonti - aprile 2011

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